La comida española images-1.jpeg

Por los estudiantes en las clases de Español 1 con el Señor Drew Krumholz…
images-4.jpeg


Throughout the month of March, Sr. Krumholz’s Spanish 1 classes at Jonathan Dayton High School spent a significant amount of time researching cuisine in various Spanish cities throughout Spain. During this thematic unit titled: La comida española the class also looked at a variety of food-related vocabulary and expressions with the goal of being able to:

Ø describe a variety of foods
Ø distinguish between healthy and unhealthy food
Ø express what they and others eat and at what time of day (breakfast/lunch/dinner)
Ø properly set the table and identify all utensils
Ø Describe a menu in Spanish
Ø Effectively communicate in a restaurant setting

Through a variety of simulations and activities, these goals were met with success. In addition, students used the text Spain: A Culinary Road Trip by Mario Batali in order to research cuisine in Spain. In groups, they investigated a variety of cities and the common foods in those cities, as well as restaurants, recipes and interesting sights to visit! This wikispace is intended to provide readers with a general overview of cuisine and culture in a variety of Spanish cities. Students compiled their research in groups and are proud to share their newly developed appreciation for Spanish cuisine with the world. Read on…

Spain is filled with economic, religious, and political history. Throughout time changes have occurred and new autonomous communities have been made. Spain is known for celebrated museums, galleries, churches, and best of all restaurants. The history, culture, and heritage affect the different foods of the country and restaurants.

Lugo and Tembleque

Tembleque and Lugo are two small towns located in the region of Galicia in the northwest corner of Spain. These two towns may lack in size but they are big in culture, history, and of course cuisine. The region of Galicia is filled the Spanish language. The population is about three million people. As many Spaniards would say Spain is different. It is filled with music and dance, bullfights, beautiful beaches, and a very artistic heritage. Their heritage comes from mostly from Romans. Spain has national monuments dedicated to Romans. The architecture includes the Roman ruins of Mérida and Tarragona. In every town in the Galician Region, including Lugo and Tembleque, there are open- markets and fairs held periodically. In the markets, a person can find craft work and other homemade materials. Through this people spread and show their culture and background.
Food plays a major role in the lifestyles of these towns. In fact, today, Lugo is considered one of the two most significant capitals of Galacia cooking. Some of the best restaurants in all of Spain are found within the historic borders of Tembleque and Lugo.

Common Foods

Tortilla española is very common in Tembleque and is essentially known as the national dish of Spain. This dish is so versatile and can be eaten in many different ways. Tortilla Española can be enjoyed as an appetizer, as a sandwich, for breakfast, or for dinner. Many say that it can be eaten anytime, anywhere. Another Spanish delicacy is used to perfect this and many other dishes and that is Spanish olive oil. Tiny fish are a delicacy in many cultures, especially in Spain. Fried Sardines are said to be an essential dish in Tembleque and Lugo. People say that sardines taste better in Spain because they are fried in rich Spanish olive oil. It is common for Spaniards to enjoy this dish whole, guts and all. For those with weaker stomachs, making a slit down its stomach can clean the fish and the innards can be removed with your finger. You may think this next dish is only enjoyed within the borders of the United States, but blackberry pie is very commonly enjoyed throughout Spain. This is an extremely common dessert and a favorite of the people of Tembleque and Lugo.

Common Restaurants

Tembleque

Cigarral de las Mercedes Restaurant
It is five minutes away from the historical centre Toledo. There are beautiful gardens that surround the restaurant. This restaurant is rated 4 stars. The restaurant serves delicious food that is affordable. They restaurant has air conditioning and heating services. The beautiful scenery will brighten your day with joy.

Restaurante M Belen
Restaurante M. Belen is located in Tembleque. The restaurant includes a bar and a terrace. The youths and modern musical teams mostly use the terrace. The dinning room has a capacity of 100 people. It is a classy restaurant and the prices are affordable. One of the historical sites is the “Plaza de Tembleque”. This is a monument that was from 1548 when the first tests about Tembleque was written. Casa de las torres, Ermita De San Anton, and Iglesia Parroquial are also interesting historical sights that are near Restaurante M Belen.

Lugo

Meson de Alberto
A man named Alberto Gracia started this restaurant. This restaurant is one of the modest and better restaurants of the city. It is decorated with stones and wood. This is a great place to come with your family and enjoy a wonderful meal. There is a huge verity of wines too. Meson de Aberto is a great place for parties and celebrations. There are two halls that can hold 36 people per table. There are many historical places that are near “meson de Alberto.” Two of the sights are the cathedral and the plaza of Spain, which is located in the City Hall.

Gran Hotel Lugo
The Gran Hotel Lugo is a new and modern hotel that is located in the residential area. “The Lugo Cathedral” and “The Lugo City Walls” are two of the monuments near this restaurant. “Museo Provincial” is also a museum that is located in Lugo. There are a lot of services in this hotel. Some of them are babysitting, car rental, handicap facilities, outdoor pool, restaurant, bar, air conditioning, parking, currency exchange, room service, private phone, etc.

Economy and Food

How does food affect the economy? Well it’s quite simple. Supply and demand is the answer, the more food people want, the more money will be used to supply the demanders food. For example, ever notice when you go to the supermarket and they’re out of something but they’re packing more of the item on the shelf? Well, that’s supply and demand, people demand and buy the item and the economy pays to have more items so people can buy them! That’s how food affects the economy.
Madrid and Toledo

General Information

Madrid is the capital of Spain. Madrid is located by the Iberian Peninsula. The climate in Madrid is the summers are warm and the winters are cool. Madrid became the capital of Spain in the year 1561. Sports played in there are golf and tennis just to name a few. The number one sport in Madrid is soccer. Toledo is located south of Madrid. It is best known for it’s making of iron and many famous artists were born and lived there. Toledo was once known as the capitol of the Visigoth Spain.


Sights

There are 73 museums located in Madrid. One of the museums is called the National Museum Reina Sofía. King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía opened up this museum in 1992. The Museum has exhibits based around paintings made by famous people like Picasso, Salvador Dali, Luis Fernandez, and Francis Bacon. In 1977 the Museum was a historic monument. The Victorio Macho Sculpture Museum is a museum located in Toledo that contains sculptures and drawings from the artist Victorio Macho. Portraits, sketches of monuments, and scale models are all displayed in the Museum. The exhibits in the Museum take place in the gardens, inside the Museum and an underground room.

Food

One of Madrid’s most international dishes is callos. Callos takes about three hours to make and some ingredients include veal, sausage, ham, and parsley. Other dishes in Madrid would include migas, roasted red peppers, and torrijas. One of the most famous restaurants in Madrid is Casa Lucio and at the restaurant there are performances with singers and dancers. Toledo is famous for their marzipan, which is a very famous dessert. Once the dough is made it can be shaped into whatever the person likes. One famous place to eat in Toledo is Casa Aureilo. The money is an average amount there about 20-40 euros.

Culture

Madrid’s culture is rich with festive colors, exquisite foods, and articulate designs. Madrid is known for its many famous art museums, some being older, while some are new. The most famous museum in Madrid is the Prado, which is visited by over 22, 000 different viewers, a day. Madrid also has an opera experience like no other. Some of the more famous opera houses are packed many nights through out the week, while others such as the teatro real are exclusive. Toledo is a very old city, which is an important center for swords and other instruments. They are many religious monuments located in Toledo. The Baroque alter is consumed of paintings, castings, and different colors of marble. Toledo being the home to El Greco contains some of his most famous paintings including The Burial of the Court of Orgaz.

Barcelona
History and culture

The ancient Romans first found Barcelona in 15 BC. Today some ruins of the ancient Romans still remain and are now known of the gothic quarter of Barcelona. In Barcelona two languages are spoken, Catalan and Spanish. The city is bilingual and both of the languages are official languages of Barcelona.
Music and performing are a big part of Barcelona. Barcelona has the world-renowned Gran Teatre del Liceu Opera Theater and Teatre Nacional de Catalunya, Teater Lliure, and Palau de la Musica Catalana concert halls. The Sonar music festival also takes place every year around June.

Cuisine

Barcelona, next to having beautiful scenery, has a wide selection of culturally distinctive cuisine. There are a variety of top restaurants including Cal Pep, Alkimia and Can Majo. Cal Pep is one of the widest know restaurants in Barcelona. Cal Pep specializes in sea food dishes such as a sea food medley. Alkimia is a restaurant with a modern twist. Some popular plates are pa amb tomàquet and faves a la catalana. Can Majo specialize in sea food and rice. You can find dishes such as small squid with liver and vegetables and veal entrecote grilled or mustard sauce.

Girona is known for its famous restaurant El Bulli. El Bulli is often called “the best in the world.” El Bulli translates to mean “innovative” in Spanish. Believe it or not, many guests order a tasting menu that consists of twelve courses. The menu is unpredictable because you never know what is going to appear. It is always a lovely surprise based on their finest produce of the season. To start you will enjoy polenta chips and caramelized sunflower seeds. The lasagna of calamari is famous. Travel + Leisure has hailed El Bulli as "the world's most outrageously creative kitchen."

Recipes

PAN CON TOMATE (bread with tomato) is one of the most popular dishes. It is one of the simplest, most loved, widely eaten, and most famous dishes from Cataluña. The Spaniards brought the tomato from America to Europe, but the tomato was not eaten in Spain until the 18th century. It is believed that Tomato Bread became popular in the 19th century. The Pan Con Tomate is toasted bread rubbed with fresh garlic and ripe tomato, then olive oil and a bit of salt on top of it. It can be topped with cheese, ham or sausage to make it even taste better.

FRIED FISH with CURRY SAUCE- Spain is well known for fish and this is one of the most popular dishes to eat. When the fish is fired, the scales of the fish become super crispy like potato chips. Also the most important part of this fried fish is the sauce. The sauce gives more flavors to the fish. It’s the most popular dish to eat.

Galicia

Santiago De Compostela
Santiago De Compostela is the capital of Galicia. Two of the main sights in Santiago de Compostela are the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela and the University of Santiago de Compostela. The historical Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is the burial place of James the Greater. The University of Santiago de Compostela is also historical. The first University was made in 1495. This University was a school for the poor known as Pinario. The city has two zonas (la zona vieja and la zona nueve). In Santiago de Compostela cuisine is an art many bars, restaurants, and taverns.

History of Santiago de Compostela

This city is to be one of the main centers of Christian pilgrims because in Santiago de Compostela the remains of James the Great are in Santiago de Compostela. Santiago de Compostela was founded after the fall of the Roman Empire. Santiago de Compostela was then added to the Visigoth kingdom of Spain in 584 along with northern Portugal. Then raided by the Arabs from 711-739. Then recaptured by the Visigoth king.

Cambados

Cambados is a city in Galicia known for its white wine. It has one of the best wines in the world say some. One of the rituals in Cambados is when women dig for clams with very few tools. Women perform this ritual strictly women. Cambados is a home to some very good historical value such as the ruins of Santa Marina and the Plaza de Fefinans. The countryside of Cambados is filled with albarino and espadeiro grapes. . Seafood is very common in these areas since Cambados is a coastal region.

Cuisine in Galicia

Seafood is very common in Santiago de Compostela. One of the reasons for this is that Santiago de Compostela is located conveniently near the coast. Some of the food that can be made in Santiago de Compostela includes the Casa Marcela and one of the most famous chefs in Galicia is Toni Vicente. One of the gourmet foods in Cambados is called the Vineyard Sea Grill. Here is the recipe.

One 2 1/4-pound live lobster
2 pounds razor or littleneck clams, scrubbed
1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil
2 tablespoons red wine vinegar
Salt
1/4 cup coarsely chopped flat-leaf parsley
Lemon wedges, for serving

Instrucciones:

Light a grill. Bring a large pot of water to a boil and fill a large bowl with ice water. Plunge the lobster into the boiling water head first and cook for 2 minutes. Using tongs, transfer the lobster to the ice water to cool; drain and pat dry. Place the lobster on a work surface and, using kitchen shears, cut down the center of the underside from tail to head to break through the shell. Using a heavy knife and a kitchen mallet, cut the body in half. Remove both claws. Set the lobster, cut side up, on a rimmed baking sheet and add the razor clams. Drizzle with 2 tablespoons of the olive oil and 1 tablespoon of the vinegar. Grill the lobster claws, turning occasionally, for 5 minutes. Add the lobster halves, cut side up, and the razor clams to the grill. Cover and grill over high heat until the lobster meat is almost opaque and the clams are beginning to open, about 3 minutes. Turn the lobster halves and claws and continue grilling until the lobster meat is lightly charred and cooked through and the razor clams are open and the juices are bubbling, about 5 minutes longer. Transfer the lobster and clams to a platter and drizzle with the remaining 2 tablespoons of olive oil and 1 tablespoon of vinegar. Season with salt and garnish with the parsley. Serve with lemon wedges.

Oviedo

Arroz Con Leche is a dessert that is made from literally, milk and rice. Us Americans know a similar dish called rice pudding. It is made from milk and burnt sugar. Another dessert that is extremely popular is called casadielles. Casadielles is a cake with special flavorings of walnut and aniseed.
Sidra is a drink common to apple cider. Oviedo is full of apple orchards and many specialize in growing apples for this special cider. In comparison to cider drank in America, sidra is “still”, which means it is noncarbonated.
Oviedo Cathedral is a popularly visited cathedral that originated from the 9th century. It is set on the site of an old basilica built by Fruela I in honor of San Salvador. The cathedral is inspired by Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque styles.
Two monks founded Oviedo in 761, and when archeologists explored Oviedo they found a lot of Roman ruins. That is why Oviedo seems to have a medieval touch to it. This setting affects the culture of the people. For example, the people tend to cook a lot of medieval foods such as; beans, stew, and meats. The people eat many foods such as fabada, a bean and pork stew. But, not everything in Oviedo is influenced by the medieval time. Neighboring countries such as France bring a lot of different foods to Oviedo.
In Oveido, Spain there are a variety of restaurants, bars, and pubs that are available to the public. A couple of well-known restaurants are Mercado El Fontan, El Raitan, and Casa Fermin. One of the most popular dishes in oveido is fabada, and there is an abundance of it everywhere. For lunch, almost every restaurant will serve a lunch special for 5-6 euros for a plate of assorted Spanish foods. Many popular dishes served there are chipirrones, which is squid, and pulpo, which is octopus. Overall, there are a variety of foods to enjoy in Oveido, and everyone can fit in.
In Spain, tapas are eaten as somewhat of a buffer between a late lunch and very late dinner. In other cases, they are simply consumed as an American “appetizer” of sorts. In the area of Oviedo to Covandonga, also known as Asturia, there are restaurants called “tapas bars” where people go to snack on small dishes like soups, stews, and cheeses. One very popular tapas selection in Oviedo is called the Asturian thick soup, which includes pork shoulders, ham bone, fabes (or white beans), potatoes, sausage, cabbage, and salt. Many different cheeses, from Afuega’l Pitu to Cabrales, Gamonedo, and Vidiago are also very common for tapas. As far as stews go, Fabada, which is a beef stew, and Caldereta de pescado, or fish stew, are the most popular.

Because of it’s location close to the Mediterranean Sea, entrées in Oviedo usually feature shellfish or fish. One example of this is the use of the very famous Andaricas, or velvet swim crabs, in various dishes. Some of the different uses for this delicate and exquisite crustacean are soups, salads, and meals. Anglerfish, known as Pixin in Oviedo, is a fish that is both tasty and healthy and is used for many different recipes. These include Fabada con pixin, a bean stew with anglerfish, fried anglerfish, and a la sidra, which is pixin in a cider sauce. Other meals with cider are also very popular.


Sources Cited:
Student used a wide variety of websites to gather their research which is forthcoming.
The primary source used for the development of this wikispace was:


Batali, Mario and Julia Turshen. Spain: A Culinary Road Trip. New York: HarperCollins
Publishers, 2008.

Pappas, Lou Seibert. “Ethnic Cuisine: Spain.” Sally’s Place. Retrieved March, 2009.
http://www.sallybernstein.com/food/cuisines/spain.htm

images-5.jpeg images-6.jpeg images-7.jpeg

Listen to the following podcast created by some of the staff at Sr. K's Café and learn some useful restaurant phrases in Spanish!